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Downhill skiing grades

Comparison table

D Scale D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 D11 D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20 D21 D22 D23
S system (or Traynard system) S1 S1+ S2 S2+ S3- S3 S3+ S4- S4 S4 S4+ S5- S5 S5 S5+ S6- S6 S6 S6 S6+ S7- S7 S7+ S8
Toponeige system 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.1 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 4.1 4.2 4.3 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8

D Scale

  • D0 : Flat ground.
  • D1 : Low angled terrain.
  • D2 : Slope angles around 25° and simple topography.
  • D3 : Steeper than 25°, or include more challenging terrain features.
  • D4 : Slope angles around 30 degrees.
  • D5 : Slope angles around 35° or less with terrain obstacles.
  • D6 : Slope angles around 35°, the steep slope can be longer and complicating terrain features might be found.
  • D7 : Slope angles around 40°. very little terrain obstacles : short steep sections, no cliffs, no dense forest, no runnels...
  • D8 : Slope angles around 40° and tricky terrain or long crux sections.
  • D9 : Slope angles around 45 degrees. Crux sections are short.
  • D10 : Slope angles around 45°, with difficult terrain features. Here starts extreme skiing.
  • D11 : Slope angles around 45° with moderate amount of complicating terrain features.
  • D12 : Long 45° slopes with complicating terrain.
  • D13 : Short 50° slope with moderate additionnal difficulties.
  • D14 : Longer 50° slopes than D13 and more difficult terrain.
  • D15 : Short section steeper than 50°, or 50° slopes plus difficult terrain.
  • D16 : Angles between 50° and 55°, steep sections may be longer or route has more terrain features than for D15.
  • D17 : Complex terrain with slopes around 55°.
  • D18 : Slope angles around 55° with no big terrain obstacles.
  • D19 : Slope angles above 50°, with plentiful terrain obstacles.
  • D20 : Slope anges close to 60°. Little to no terrain obstacles.
  • D21 : Slope angles around 60° with some terrain obstacles.
  • D22 : Long 60° slopes plus numerous terrain obstacles.
  • D23 : Slope angles above 60°, level never reached so far.

S system (or Traynard system)

  • S1 : Easy route. No particular technique is required to safely descend. For example: a forest route. Well-defined, easy-angled tracks.
  • S1+ : Slightly harder than S1 : "Easy route. No particular technique is required to safely descend. For example: a forest route. Well-defined, easy-angled tracks".
  • S2 : Large slopes, slightly steep (25°), or hilly routes (skier must have the ability to make controlled turns in any kind of snow).
  • S2+ : Slightly harder than S2 : "Large slopes, slightly steep (25°), or hilly routes (skier must have he ability to make controlled turns in any kind of snow".
  • S3- : Slightly easier than S3 : "Slope up to 35° (equivalent to black diamond runs on ski hills). Skiers must be comfortable in variety of snow conditions. Big slopes with low exposure".
  • S3 : Slope up to 35° (equivalent to black diamond runs on ski hills). Skiers must be comfortable in variety of snow conditions.
  • S3+ : Slightly harder than S3 : " Slope up to 35° (equivalent to black diamond runs on ski hills). Skiers must be comfortable in variety of snow conditions".
  • S4- : Slightly easier than S4 : "Slopes up to 45° if the exposure is low; starting from 30° to 40° if the exposure is high or if there are narrow passages. Very good ski technique is essential".
  • S4 : Slopes up to 45° if the exposure is low; starting from 30° to 40° if the exposure is high or if there are narrow passages. Very good ski technique is essential.
  • S4 : Slopes up to 45° if the exposure is low; starting from 30° to 40° if the exposure is high or if there are narrow passages. Very good ski technique is essential.
  • S4+ : Slightly harder than S4 : "Slopes up to 45° if the exposure is low; starting from 30° to 40° if the exposure is high or if there are narrow passages. Very good ski technique is essential".
  • S5- : Slightly easier than S5 : "Slope from 45 to 50° or even steeper if the exposure is low. Starting from 40° if the exposure is strong."
  • S5 : Slope from 45 to 50° or even steeper if the exposure is low. Starting from 40° if the exposure is strong.
  • S5 : Slope from 45 to 50° or even steeper if the exposure is low. Starting from 40° if the exposure is strong.
  • S5+ : Slightly harder than S5 : "Slope from 45 to 50° or even steeper if the exposure is low. Starting from 40° if the exposure is strong."
  • S6- : Slightly easier than S6 : "Slopes of 50° and greater if the exposure is high, which is generally the case. If the exposure is not high, short sections of slope at 55°."
  • S6 : Slopes of 50° and greater if the exposure is high, which is generally the case. If the exposure is not high, short sections of slope at 55°.
  • S6 : Slopes of 50° and greater if the exposure is high, which is generally the case. If the exposure is not high, short sections of slope at 55°.
  • S6 : Slopes of 50° and greater if the exposure is high, which is generally the case. If the exposure is not high, short sections of slope at 55°.
  • S6+ : Slightly harder than S6 : "Slopes of 50° and greater if the exposure is high, which is generally the case. If the exposure is not high, short sections of slope at 55°."
  • S7- : Slightly easier than S7 : "Sections to 60° or greater, or mandatory cliff drops in very steep and exposed terrain".
  • S7 : Sections to 60° or greater, or mandatory cliff drops in very steep and exposed terrain.
  • S7+ : Slightly harder than S7 : "Sections to 60° or greater, or mandatory cliff drops in very steep and exposed terrain".
  • S8 : Grade never skied as today.

Toponeige system

  • 1.1 --> Beginner alpine skiing terrain - inf : Slope angle up to 30° and less than 800m. Wide, open slopes or sparsely treed areas. Exposure is non-existent and in general the risk of avalanche is low.
  • 1.2 --> Beginner alpine skiing terrain : Slope angle up to 30° and less than 800m. Wide, open slopes or sparsely treed areas. Exposure is non-existent and in general the risk of avalanche is low.
  • 1.3 --> Beginner alpine skiing terrain - sup : Slope angle up to 30° and less than 800m. Wide, open slopes or sparsely treed areas. Exposure is non-existent and in general the risk of avalanche is low.
  • 2.1 --> Few technical difficulties - inf : Slopes are not that difficult (maximum 35°) that may be longer than 800m. Possibly uneven terrain or mild exposure and objective hazard.
  • 2.2 --> Few technical difficulties : Slopes are not that difficult (maximum 35°) that may be longer than 800m. Possibly uneven terrain or mild exposure and objective hazard.
  • 2.3 --> Few technical difficulties - sup : Slopes are not that difficult (maximum 35°) that may be longer than 800m. Possibly uneven terrain or mild exposure and objective hazard.
  • 3.1 --> The beginning of the ski-alpinism - inf : Technical passages, couloirs, long slopes at 35°, short sections of 40-45°. Fairly thick forests on lower angle slopes and difficult forest roads.
  • 3.2 --> The beginning of the ski-alpinism : Technical passages, couloirs, long slopes at 35°, short sections of 40-45°. Fairly thick forests on lower angle slopes and difficult forest roads.
  • 3.3 --> The beginning of the ski-alpinism - sup : Technical passages, couloirs, long slopes at 35°, short sections of 40-45°. Fairly thick forests on lower angle slopes and difficult forest roads.
  • 3.3 --> The beginning of the ski-alpinism - sup : Technical passages, couloirs, long slopes at 35°, short sections of 40-45°. Fairly thick forests on lower angle slopes and difficult forest roads.
  • 4.1 --> Steep skiing - inf : Narrow couloirs or challenging slopes: long slopes at 40°, possibly short passages at 50°. Very uneven glacial terrain. Very dense forests even with moderate slopes.
  • 4.2 --> Steep skiing : Narrow couloirs or challenging slopes: long slopes at 40°, possibly short passages at 50°. Very uneven glacial terrain. Very dense forests even with moderate slopes.
  • 4.3 --> Steep skiing - sup : Narrow couloirs or challenging slopes: long slopes at 40°, possibly short passages at 50°. Very uneven glacial terrain. Very dense forests even with moderate slopes.
  • 5.1 --> Extreme skiing level 1 : Shorter sections of 50°, long slopes of 45° (500 m), or a section (300 m) with challenging, complex terrain: this grade includes some gnarly chutes as well as large consistent slopes in big alpine terrain.
  • 5.2 --> Extreme skiing level 2 : Consistent slopes of 50° (200 m long) or very long sections of 45-50°.
  • 5.3 --> Extreme skiing level 3 : Slopes starting at 49-50° (300 m long). Routes with short but very difficult crux sections fall within this grade.
  • 5.4 --> Extreme skiing level 4 : Very long slopes of 50° or short section of 55°.
  • 5.5 --> Extreme skiing level 5 : Slope angles up to 55°.
  • 5.6 --> Extreme skiing level 6 : Long section of 55°. The slope could even be steeper at some point.
  • 5.7 --> Extreme skiing level 7
  • 5.7 --> Extreme skiing level 7
  • 5.8 --> Extreme skiing level 8 : Grade never skied as today.
  • 5.8 --> Extreme skiing level 8 : Grade never skied as today.
  • 5.8 --> Extreme skiing level 8 : Grade never skied as today.